ĐIỀU TRỊ UNG THƯ PHỔI GIAI ĐOẠN CUỐI

     

Most patients find out they have lung cancer when the disease has progressed to the final stage. At this time, the patient will feel extremely confused and worried about how long the terminal lung cancer will live.

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In Vietnam, lung cancer is the most common disease in men and the third in women. Every year, our country has about 22,000 new cases of lung cancer and nearly 20,000 deaths from lung cancer are recorded. It is estimated that by 2020, the number of lung cancer cases in both men và women in Vietnam could reach over 34,000 per year. Unfortunately, up to 70% of lung cancer patients in Vietnam are found lớn have the disease at a late stage (the cancer must have metastasized or stage 4), affecting prognosis và treatment effectiveness.

When diagnosed with terminal lung cancer, patients and their families quickly have khổng lồ make difficult choices regarding treatment. Therefore, patients should be equipped with knowledge about lung cancer at this stage to lớn improve health & prolong life.

End stage lung cancer classification

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End-stage lung cancer is a broad concept. Therefore, patients often have different clinical features, treatment & prognosis are also different. Lung cancer is divided into 2 types:

Non-small cell lung cancer (85%): Non-small cell lung cancer is divided into stages: 0, 1, 2, 3A, 3B, 4. If you have this type of cancer, the final stage is equivalent. With stage 4. Small cell lung cancer: If you have small cell lung cancer, stage 4 lung cancer is equivalent to the stage where the tumor has metastasized and spread. The tumor has metastasized to lớn many different organs of the toàn thân such as bones, brain, etc.

In addition, lung cancer at this stage is also classified according lớn genetic mutations. Some cases of terminal lung cancer have high PD-1 protein expression or carry gene mutations such as ROS1, EGFR, ALK… Some lung cancer cases are negative for these mutations or not. PD-1 expression.

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Symptoms of late stage lung cancer

Most cases of lung cancer do not show symptoms until the tumor has spread and metastasized. However, some people with lung cancer even in the early stages can have symptoms, and the more advanced they are, the more pronounced the symptoms will be. Therefore, if patients suspect they have symptoms of lung cancer, they should go to the doctor as soon as possible khổng lồ perform diagnostic tests. The earlier the disease is detected, the higher the chance of treatment và cure, the better the prognosis.

Here are the symptoms of stage 4 lung cancer that patients often experience.

1. Symptoms when there is a tumor in the lung

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When a tumor appears in the lung, patients often have the following symptoms:

Short of breath Wheezing Hoarseness Persistent cough Chest, back, shoulder or arm pain

2. Symptoms of late stage lung cancer when the tumor has spread khổng lồ other areas

When the tumor has spread to lớn other areas, you usually have the following symptoms:

Tumor that has spread to lớn the bone: causes symptoms such as pain in the back, hips, or ribs. Tumor metastases khổng lồ the brain: can cause headaches, change vision và cause seizures. Tumor invades the liver: can cause jaundice.

In addition, you also experience other systemic symptoms such as fatigue, loss of appetite, sudden weight loss

How long vì chưng you live with late stage (stage 4) lung cancer?

The 5-year survival rate is used to determine how many people in 100 patients are still alive after 5 years of diagnosis. For advanced lung cancer, the 5-year survival rate is 4.7%. This means that on average 100 people with terminal lung cancer, about 5 people live after 5 years.

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However, today, along with the development of science and technology, treatment therapies help lung cancer patients have more options, so they can improve their unique of life after 5 years. As a result, the prognosis of terminal lung cancer will be greatly improved & much higher than the rate of 4.7%.

Not only that, how long a patient with terminal lung cancer (stage 4) can live depends on many factors, including:

Current health status: If at the time of diagnosis of terminal lung cancer, the better the patient’s health, the more treatment options will be available. Not only that, patients in good health are also better able khổng lồ tolerate the side effects of treatments, the faster the tumor is controlled & the better the chance of survival. Conversely, if the patient is in poor health, exhausted or has other underlying diseases, the fewer treatment options & the lower the ability to tolerate the treatment. Age: A small 2013 study found that the older the patient, the worse the prognosis. However, data regarding the relationship between age và prognosis with stage 4 lung cancer are still limited. Health is still more important than age. Gender: According lớn the American Cancer Society, the risk of lung cancer in women is 1 in 17 & in men it is 1 in 15. Race: The American Cancer Society also shares figures showing that black women have a 10% lower risk of lung cancer than white women. However, đen men have a 20% higher risk of lung cancer than white men. Response lớn treatment drugs: If the patient’s toàn thân responds well to treatment drugs, the patient will have a good prognosis because the tumor is under control.

How khổng lồ cure late stage lung cancer

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